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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 18, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PST

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long before many even knew he was being built. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and elsewhere around the globe. four days after the mass shootings in newtown, conn., the funerals continue for the 22 becomes lost their lives. and while the town mourns, the white house issued its strongest indication yet it will be pushing for tighter gun controls, including reinstating the assault weapons ban. from newtown, we begin our coverage. >> she loved or go wales and horses. a beautiful girl, her parents said. 6-year-old jessica was buried. another victim in america. that terrible friday as parents waited to hear what happened in the school, their pastor was
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with them. >> one parent, one mother in desperation cried out "are there any survivors?" there was violence. there were officials looking at one another and then they said, no, there are no survivors. i do not know that i will ever forget the noise as people wept, wales, eelam -- wailed, yelled. it was horrible noise. suddenly, reality hit. there are no survivors. >> this horror has changed the mood in america, for now at least. there of been those who have demonstrated against guns, but not a manufacturer of the weapon used to murder the children is under pressure. it was advertised as a prop to
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masculinity now the company within 95% stake in the firm is selling out because of this watershed event. just outside town, there are four rows of empty shelves. they have taken the guns off the market out of respect. but more important, it is part of a chain of around 200 jobs throughout the u.s. they all stopped selling the modern sporting rifles, as they're called. changes the law might be more difficult. >> there is no chance of a ban on handguns. the supreme court has ruled plans to outlaw them in chicago and washington d.c. are unconstitutional. the most likely move would be to ban military-style assault rifles, magazines holding numerous bullet. the president has backed such a bill. >> while he supports strongly an assault weapons ban and other measures, he wants to expand the
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conversation beyond those specific areas of legislation. >> i'm joe manchin -- >> the group of the gun hand -- of the gun ban will be loosened a little. even west virginia senator joe manchin, whose campaign had focused on gun rights, has changed his mind. he is not alone kerpen >> when my daughters ask me on friday night, dad, you are in the senate, why can't we put reasonable restrictions on assault weapons or rapid-fire ammunition clips, i did not have a good answer for them. enough is enough. >> america is in a reflective mood, which may not last. weapons of war should not be available to take the lives of children. >> the white house came out today with steps they would take toward tougher gun control. the national rifle association has released a statement saying
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they are prepared to offer meaningful contributions to help make sure this never happens again. for more on that part of the store, i spoke earlier with the bbc's paul adams. >> it has taken a while, and people have been wondering whether they were just shocked into a kind of silence. it does say they are prepared to offer what they call meaningful contributions to make sure this never happens again and they also are saying it will hold a major news conference in washington on friday. it will be interesting to see whether in the wake of this mounting series of calls for changes to america's gun legislation they have anything constructive to say about that. will they recognize that somehow some kind of tide has turned? >> meanwhile, the white house has issued a statement saying that president obama will try to push to tighter -- for tighter access to guns in america. he has said this before. nothing has actually happened. this time is different, perhaps? >> it feels different, and it
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feels different for the reason we are all talking about, because of a particular horror that was visited on newtown last week. the president did talk about it very briefly in the election campaign, and after his reelection, sales of assault weapons skyrocketed. they skyrocketed again on friday for the same reason, that people are conscious, nervous perhaps, gun enthusiasts, that new legislation may, indeed, come. this is a path that americans have been down before. bayville existed for 10 years and was deemed not to be successful -- a bill existed for 10 years and was deemed not to be successful. >> the president does not have to run for reelection anymore, so that may change the equation. as well as senior figures who have a good relationship with the gun lobby saying that this has to change now. >> i think the latter seems to be the thing that is very different you are getting
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publications publishing the list of 10 most influential supporters of the nra who are now in favor of some kind of change, names like harry reid, senator manchin common -- senator manchin. these are people whose nra record is impeccable. and they are all turning around and saying essentially the same thing, that assault weapons have no place in the kind of hunting culture that they espouse. it is something that makes it feel in washington as if we might be about to have something more than just a meaningful conversation. >> pala items they're remembering newtown. now to pakistan where five female health workers there to help with the country's anti- polio drive have been shot. their deaths come just one day after another polio program worker was also killed. the taliban has said the vaccination drive is part of a western plot. >> it is hard to explain why
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women would be shot dead for providing children care. that is what has happened in pakistan. four female health workers killed in different parts of karachi, another in a different city as they tried to vaccinate against polio. police say the -- it is clear these were coordinated attacks. the taliban are in charge of this area, says the mother of one of the victims. they say this polio-polio program was planned by america to finish off our nation. they shot my daughter in the head. in the 1990's, about 20,000 people and here in pakistan were affected by polio. that came down to just 28 in 2005. but the numbers have risen since then and there is a risk they could rise further. what changed was propaganda from the pot -- the pakistani taliban. bay said the health workers were spies from western agencies and
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that they would sterilize children. began the program in some areas and workers were beaten out in others. then the militants found another justification for their position. when american -- america try to use a pakistani doctor and a fixed -- fake a vaccination program to get information about the home of bin laden. >> unfortunately, and in advisedly, they employed a health a vaccination campaign as a cover activity. this is really quite surprising that they would have put the entire helping campaign and at risk. -- health campaign at risk. >> the government says it simply cannot give security to the tens of thousands of health workers under threat. the vaccination program has been suspended, and children here are at risk of getting a crippling disease.
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bbc news, islamabad. the >> for more on these extraordinary attacks, i spoke earlier with a former u.s. ambassador to pakistan, wendy chamberlin. she is now president of the middle east institute. does it just looked like it, or are we seeing an increase in targeted attacks against women and children in pakistan? >> it does look like it, but long before mullock was attacked -- >> the girl that was trying to promote education for girls. >> that is right. the spokesman was attacked in a bird away by the pakistani taliban. but they have been attacking innocent people for a long time. and today is very brutal attack is just a dramatic -- symptomatic of the campaign against innocent people in pakistan. >> they have not cleaned these attacks, but they have set in the past that the campaign to eradicate polio in pakistan as part of a western plot. >> not only that, and i know it is hard to believe, but they have been able to convince many
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of the more uneducated people in the northwest and along the border that it is actually a cia plot to sterilize their children. this has been going on long before mulala and long before the doctor connected with the osama bin laden attacks. >> what has happened to these people is awful. one of them was only 17 years old. tragic, but also in the light of the fact that pakistan is so close to eradicating polio. it is hard to fathom that a group might not want that to happen in the country. >> i know. and you raise a very good point. the taliban has been encouraging people not to inoculate their children for years. but they have suffered some setbacks. and actually, because of the mullahs that have supported the taliban and the religious leaders stood up against this and inoculated their own
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children and encouraged villagers to inoculate against polio. they turned it around. in 2011, 200 pakistani children came down with polio. this year, only a little more than 50. it was a successful campaign. that is one of the victims in addition to these wonderful u.n. world health organization aid workers. the other victims are the 280,000 children have not get vaccinated now. >> what is being done to protect health workers and what is happening with a pakistani public opinion when it comes to attacks on civilians like this? >> the nature of these tax and the attack on mulala and the aid workers is terror. people need heroes. that is why the world rallied around mulala, because she stood up. she was a champion of education
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before she was attacked. these aid workers have gone forward with the polio campaign in the face of taliban threats. they are heroes, and unfortunately, victims as well. >> ambassador, thank you for joining us. five very brave woman shot dead in pakistan. for more news about the world, chief correspondent for nbc, richard engel, and members of his production crew have been freed from syria after being held captive for five days. they came under fire at a rebel checkpoint on monday. he said his captors talked openly about their loyalty to president assad. under hospital care after 4 -- after a stroke. there is discussion about whether to fly president talabani abroad for treatment
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appeared correct -- portrait and. -- for treatment. and pres. zuma and won comfortably, but many people question his role following allegations of corruption. jonathan edwards report. >> it could be the first world -- clean, tidy, prosperous. south africa's black middle class is now 3 million strong. this place is where the anc was founded a century ago. today, its leaders enjoy all the trappings of the area as they turn up for their conference. the anc remains remarkably relaxed, not even the discovery of a white extremist bomb plot has upset them. still, all is not well with the party.
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the president, jacob zuma, is being challenged by his deputy. president zuma himself has been strongly accused of corruption, raised here in his speech. >> we can stop corruption in its tracks. >> one anc figure believes the correction comes because the movement has attracted the wrong sort of people. >> it has become one of the means through which people feel that they can accumulate wealth and great -- create opportunities for themselves and their families. and that is to the detriment of the movement. >> it is 18 years since the historic district -- the agreement between nelson mandela and the anc and the de klerk regime. today, declerck speaks about mandela with affection and respect.
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not so about president zuma. >> corruption is out of hand. the first five years have been bad for south africa. the unresolved allegations of corruption has made him unsuitable as the leader for the next seven years in south of the crop. -- south africa. >> only a short drive from the anc's conference call is this place, a depressing squatter camp. a single tap serves 700 people here. corruption is not the anc's only failing. it has failed also to sort out key problems like this one. squatter camps are supposed to be phased out in just two years, but it is obviously not going to happen. no one from the anc has been near this place. >> we do suffer living in this place.
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we suffer with water. we have got nothing here. >> does not how the founding father of the new south africa wants things to be. but nelson mandela poses a real achievement is the normality, the ordinariness of everything here. people used to be afraid that when he died, a country might fall apart. there is real anxiety about his health now, but nobody thinks south africa is in danger. bbc news. >> a group that had so much promise when it was first elected is struggling with running the country. your watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program, striking gold for a second time. it is proving quite a treasure trove of. rk fax -- of the very heart attacks. britain's queen elizabeth spent her morning in a meeting with
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the government's senior ministers. nicholas majora reports on an extremely rare event. >> there was a time when this is how britain was run, by the mark with his or her minister record that has not been the way of things for roughly 300 years. the prime minister has been studying historical records. the queen sat in the chair which is normally occupied by the prime minister. she did what she has done for so many generations of politicians. she watched and she listened. she said very little. but did she detect any cabinet rivalries? any tensions, perhaps, between the coalition partners? of course, whatever secrets of the cabinet table the queen may have picked up during this short visit will never be known. that is the essence of having a constitutional monarch. she has the right to be consulted, to encourage, and to warn, but never to interfere in
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politics. today, there was a moment for something else, a celebration of the end of her diamond jubilee and a gift from the cabinet. what did they get hurt? a side of the chancellor reminded the queen of the gold bars she had been shown up in of england pipa -- at the bank of england. but there were no gold bars today. instead, the cabinet had had a with a round, which produced just enough to buy between 60 placemats to mark her 60 years of service. the foreign office announce something of a grander. it announced that 160,000 square miles of british antarctic territory is to be renamed queen elizabeth land. and so, the monarchs went home, and ice cream and keeper of a few more cabinet secrets. -- an ice queen and keeper of a few more cabinet secrets.
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>> now to a story of archaeologists striking treasure for a second time. it was three years ago that britain's largest port of anglo- saxon metalwork was found in a field and staff for chyron. they found -- in staffordshire. they found 19 more pieces. jeremy could have a look. >> anglo-saxon treasurer, 90 artifacts dating back some 1400 years. just the latest fine from a location where the huge staffordshire hall was unearthed in three years ago. but why was so much a valuable stuff. in a field near warsaw? -- buried in a field near warsaw? to one theory is someone under threat had to leave town in a hurry. >> you rode away from your house and found a nice, quiet place, a place that you can remember and you come back for it. >> but they never did. >> no. >> the original, finding
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included 3900 mainly gold and silver items, up 3.3 million pounds worth. experts thought they had recovered everything. it turns out they had missed a bit. the theory at behind why some of the treasure was met -- was left in the ground was that was buried so deep that it was beyond the range of metal detectors. what has changed now that the crown has recently been proud -- been plowed, bringing these fresh items to the surface. -- the crown has recently been plowed company's fresh items to the surface. -- ground has recently been plowed contracts in my view, is the most important find that has ever been seen. it ranks along with totten common's treasure critical -- to dock a mean -- .otankamen's treasure >> for archaeologists, it opens
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a unique window on our anglo- saxon past. >> beautiful. from an ancient find to the speed of modern technology, these days, transmitting data with a few keystrokes seems like second nature. but in the 1960's when the korean-born visual artist envision it, he was definitely ahead of his time. considered the father of video art, he died in 2006 and now there is a new exhibition devoted to his work. >> this is how he imagine the future. the electronic superhighway uses movie clips and newsreels to illustrate how media underpins our understanding of the world. hardly a revelation today, but at the time the technology was deion and the idea of
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revolutionary -- the technology was young and the idea of revolutionary. even earlier, he predicted a paperless society and inflation sharing on a global scale. >> he imagine a world in which the videos could be sent around the world and cultures could interconnect around the globe to communicate better, learn from each other. it is an inspired idea, and he had in 1968. the date of that piece blows my mind. >> he was born in north korea in 1932 -- in korea in 1932. when the north invaded, he and his family fled to japan. but in new york at the epicenter of new technology and ideas, that eventually became his home. and at a time when people were not expected to interact with technology, he invited participation. >> we have his random access, which shows the artist having
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read -- the constructed a real to real audio decker he invites the audience to interact with the trucks on our own with the device. >> why did he do this? and how is it relevant today? >> he was the first artist to the construct technology and give it back to west. it is a metaphor for what we're going through today with the internet and the technology that we deal with on a day-to-day basis. >> he knew that television would change the world. and his art embraces it, sometimes playfully, sometimes obscure. he defined a new visual medium that is now at the center of our to the 21st century. he was really the first person to use technology in ways that today, we take for granted. he predicted the power of
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television, how electronic media could bring us all together, and what you see here are his ideas. decades later compaq now reality. -- decades later, now a reality. >> that is very cool. it brings a show to it -- our show to a) you can watch for updates -- to a close. and you can watch for updates anytime on our website. >> makes sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank.
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>> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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- hi, neighbor! today at school, we're choosing something new for the playground! swings or slide! they're both fun to play on! and then, we get to choose a new class pet! be right back. is made possible in part by... the richard king mellon foundation. dedicated for over sixty years to south western pennsylvania's quality of life, and competitive future. and by these pittsburg foundations. working together to enhance and enrich the lives of children for more than seventy-five years. and by the arthur vining davis foundations.
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dedicated to strengthening america's future through education. adcasting, dedicated to strengthening america's future and contributions to your pbs station, from viewers like you. hborhood ♪ and contributions to your pbs station, ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ would you be mine? ♪ could you be mine? ♪ won't you be my neighbor? - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ a land of make-believe ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ so much to do, so much to see ♪ ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ i've got lots of friends for you to meet ♪ ♪ in this land of make-believe ♪ a friendly face on every street ♪ ♪ just waiting to greet you ♪ it's a beautiful day in the neighborhood ♪ ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ in daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪
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- hi, neighbor! i'm going to have breakfast. come on in! what do you usually have for breakfast? good morning, mom! - good morning, daniel. hi, neighbor. now, for breakfast, you can choose hot oatmeal like your dad and i are having, or cold cereal with berries. - hmm... i like hot oatmeal and cold cereal. which one would you choose? i'm not sure which one i want. - well, when you have to make a choice, you should... ♪ stop, think, and choose - ♪ stop, think, and choose i'm thinking... that i feel cold. brrr! so some hot oatmeal will warm me up. i choose... hot oatmeal, please! - ok, good idea! now go sit down at the table and i'll bring you some hot oatmeal.


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